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Separate standards to be developed for the Arctic: Results of the International Arctic Forum

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SAINT-PETERSBURG, April 11, 2019 – What should the Arctic be to become comfortable for business and people? It should be «smart», clean, and safe. How can the region be made like this? This question was answered by representatives of government, business, and science at Rosstandart’s panel discussion titled «An Accessible Arctic: Standards, Safety, and Environmental Friendliness» as part of the 5th International Arctic Forum. The session was moderated by Rosstandart Head Alexey Abramov.
Experts discussed a number of issues at the St. Petersburg meeting, ranging from digital standards and resource extraction technology to VR capabilities for the development of northern regions.
«The interest in the Arctic is caused not only by the volume of minerals and biological resources, but also by the active development of local multilateral projects in the oil and gas sector, transportation, engineering, and biotechnology, noted Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation Aleksey Besprozvannykh. Therefore, added Deputy Minister, when developing projects in the Arctic region, attention should be paid to technology unificating and ensuring measurement accuracy, since special properties of durability, low temperature resistance, and equipment safety are required here».
Deputy Minister proposed to create an open expert platform, which will include representatives of science, business, and the state, in order to develop normative and technical regulations and apply the «Arctic» technology. «In  future, such «Arctic case» could become an example of the formation of new rules of the game and the expansion of inter-sectoral cooperation, as well as international cooperation in the region, including the exchange of best practices and technology. We invite all parties concerned to participate in this joint work», said A.Besprozvannykh.
Practical business cases for the implementation of investment, infrastructure, and environmental projects in the Arctic were also shared by Official Secretary and Vice President for Government Relations and Management of Norilsk Nickel Mining and Metallurgical Company Dmitriy Pristanskov, Department Deputy Head of Gazprom Tatyana Lobanova, and Deputy General Director of OK-Loza Sergey Biriukov. Olga Shtemberg, State Counsellor of the Russian Federation and Deputy Chairperson of the Russian Chamber of Commerce and Industry’s Committee for Nature Management and Ecology, suggested solutions to the problems of business competitiveness in the Arctic, including legislative ones.
Standardization was one of the panel session’s central themes. Vice President for Technical Development of United Shipbuilding Corporation Dmitriy Kolodiazhniy believes that the convergence of the national standardization system and best corporate practices is a precondition for overcoming technological barriers in the development of one of the most important global transportation arteries – the Northern Sea Route. According to him, fleet modernization for the needs of the Arctic will require the construction of a new generation of vessels. Konstantin Goriayev, Director of the Krilovski State Research Centre, spoke about the required regulatory support for shipbuilding.
The first step in this work was the signing of an agreement on the joint development of «Arctic» standards as part of the session between the Technical Committees on Standardization «Conducting Research in the Polar Regions» (TC 187) and  «Shipbuilding» (TC 005). A similar document was signed between TC 187 and the Road Transport Technical Committee (TC 056). As noted by the TC 187 Chairman, Director of Polar Initiative, Nikita Kuprikov, extremely low temperatures and the lack of a developed infrastructure in the polar regions place higher demands on wheeled and marine equipment, unlike conventional machines. Arctic all-terrain vehicle created by KAMAZ is a modern example of such special equipment for the Arctic, said KAMAZ Deputy Chief Designer Andrey Savinkov.
Environmental friendliness in the Arctic was a separate topic. According to Dmitriy Skobelev, Director of the Centre for Environmental Industrial Policy Research Institute, best available technology will allow modernizing production and introducing environmentally friendly technology into practice. To date, 51 directories of best available technology have been approved, where unified technology in the field of environmental protection when introduced at industrial enterprises have been specified for the first time. Some of these directories can be adapted to solve industrial problems in the Arctic zone.
Finally, the region’s development is impossible without developing the labour market and training the personnel for the Arctic region, thinks Chancellor of Lomonosov Northern (Arctic) Federal University Yelena Kudriashova.
At the end of the discussion, the participants were introduced to virtual reality technology and the «helmet of the future», as well as the possibilities of their use in the development of the Arctic.
«Artificial Intelligence, 5G, augmented and virtual reality, and robotics are the most promising areas to be included in the «Arctic» GOSTs [Russian National Standards]. At the same time, work is already underway to standardize big data technology, additive production, and autonomous vehicles. The «Arctic» standards will form the basis of the infrastructural and technological, but at the same time environmentally friendly development of the Arctic region, while creating a platform for systematic work on documents will make it possible to achieve mass, rather than single-piece application of innovations in the Arctic. This will be a determining factor in establishing technological leadership in the region in a competitive international environment», said Head of Rosstandart Alexey Abramov, summing up the session results.

 Русскоязычная новость: https://www.gost.ru//newsRST/redirect/news/1/5855

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